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This is a chronological list of the monarchs of Kingdom of East Anglia, formally known as The Kingdom of the East Angles, one of the seven traditional kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy. It was founded in the 6th century and ceased being independent in 918, having been conquered by Wessex, another member of the Heptarchy.

Many of the dates of this time are considered unreliable, often being based on computation from known dates. Regnal years may be counted twice, since all or part of a year may be attributed: for instance, the period attributed below to Ricberht (the East Anglian apostasy) is said by the contemporary author Bede to have lasted for three years, and is computed allowing all or part of the years 627, 628 and 629 to this interregnum or unknown reign.

The names are given in modern English form, followed by the names and titles (as far as is known) in contemporaneous Anglo-Saxon English and Latin, being the recorded languages of the time. Note that the title 'REX' is not recorded specifically for any East Anglian ruler before Rædwald: the earlier names derive from the genealogical tally (not regnal list) in the Anglian Collection and the Historia Britonum. They are normally styled rulers of the East Angle people (Angli Orientales), not of East Anglia (Anglia Orientalis). The title Rex Anglorum is used of Rædwald, and Rex Ang. (indeterminate, probably Anglorum) of Aethelstan and Eadmund in their coinage.

This was a time when spellings varied widely, even within a document. A number of variations of the details below exist. Amongst these are the preference between þ and ð (voiceless and voiced th).

A character resembling '7' (the so-called Tironian et) was used as the ampersand '&' in contemporary Anglo-Saxon writings. The era pre-dates the emergence of forms of writing accepted today, notably minuscule, and the letters 'W' and 'U'. Where W was followed by U this was generally rendered as 'VV' (which was also used for 'W' alone).

List of the Kings of the East Angles Edit

Reign Incumbent Contemporary title Notes
??? to ??? Wehha VVEHHA VVILHELMING ESTANGLE CYNING
VVEHHA REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
'The first to rule over the East Angles' (Historia Britonum)
ante 571 to 578 Wuffa VVFFA VVEHHING ESTANGLE CYNING
VVFFA REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
Eponymous ancestor of the Wuffing dynasty, 'ruling' in 571 (Roger of Wendover)
578 to 599 Tytila TYTTLA VVFFING
TYTTLA REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
'Took up the helm of the kingdom' (Roger of Wendover)
599 to 624 Rædwald RÆDVVALD TYTTLING ESTANGLE CYNING
RÆDVVALD REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
Imperium; Rex Anglorum (Bede). Bretwalda (Anglo-Saxon Chronicle).
617 to 618 Eni ENI TYTTLING ESTANGLE CYNING
ENI REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
not known to have reigned
c.624 to c.627 Eorpwald EORPVVALD RÆDVVALDING ESTANGLE CYNING
EORPVVALD REX ANGLORUM ORIENTALIUM
Murdered by Ricberht.
c.627 to c.629 Ricberht RICBRYHT REX ANGLORUM ORIENTALIUM not known to have reigned
c.629 to ?634 Sigeberht SIGEBRYHT RÆDVVALDING ESTANGLE CYNING
SIGEBRYHT REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
Joint king with Ecgric; abdicated; Slain in battle; Saint Sigeberht.
Son or Stepson of Rædwald.
ante 634 to ?636 Ecgric ECGRIC ESTANGLE CYNING
ECGRIC REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
Slain in battle; kinsman of Sigeberht
presumed son of Rædwald or Eni.
636 to 654 Anna ANNA ENING ESTANGLE CYNING
ANNA REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
Slain in battle
654 to 15 November 654 Æthelhere ÆÞELHERE ENING ESTANGLE CYNING
ÆÞELHERE REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
late 654 to 664 Æthelwold ÆTHELVVOLD ENING ESTANGLE CYNING
ÆÞELVVOLD REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
663 or 664 to 713 Ealdwulf EALDVVLF ESTANGLE CYNING
EALDVVLF REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
c.713 to 749 Ælfwald ÆLFVVALD ESTANGLE CYNING
ÆLFVVALD REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
749 to ? Hun HVN ANGLORUM ORIENTALIUM Joint ruler (possibly mythic)
749 to c.760 Beorna BEORNA ESTANGLE CYNING
BEORNA REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
Joint king
749 to ? Alberht ALBERHT ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM Joint ruler; also known as Æthelberht I
?c.760 to ?c.779 Æthelred I ÆÞELRED ESTANGLE CYNING
ÆÞELRED REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
Possibly mythic
?779 to 794 Æthelberht II ÆÞELBRYHT ESTANGLE CYNING
ÆÞELBRYHT REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
Saint Æthelbert.
Executed at the command of Offa
Mercian Dynasty Dynasty
c.760 to 796 Offa OFFA ÞINCFRIÞING MIERCNA 7 ESTANGLE CYNING
OFFA REX MERCIA ET ANGLIÆ ORIENTALIS

OFFA REX ANGLORVM
Held dominion over East Angles
East Anglian Dynasty
after 794 to ? Eadwald EADVVALD ESTANGLE CYNING
EADVVALD REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
Mercian Dynasty
c.796 to 821 Coenwulf COENVVLF MIERCNA 7 ESTANGLE CYNING
COENVVLF REX MERCIA ET ANGLIÆ ORIENTALIS
Held dominion over East Angles
821 to 823 Ceolwulf COELVVLF MIERCNA 7 ESTANGLE CYNING
COELVVLF REX MERCIA ET ANGLIÆ ORIENTALIS
Held dominion over East Angles
823 to 826 Beornwulf BEORNVVLF MIERCNA 7 ESTANGLE CYNING
BEORNVVLF REX MERCIA ET ANGLIÆ ORIENTALIS
Held dominion over East Angles
East Anglian Dynasty
c.821 to c.839 Æthelstan ÆÞELSTAN ESTANGLE CYNING
ÆÞELSTAN REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
styled Rex Anglorum (coins)
c.839 to 855 Æthelweard ÆÞELVVEARD ESTANGLE CYNING
ÆÞELVVEARD REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
855 to 20 November 870 Eadmund EADMVND ESTANGLE CYNING
EADMVND REX ANGLORVM ORIENTALIVM
Martyred; Saint Edmund.
Styled Rex Anglorum (coins)
Sub-kings under Norse Suzerainty
870 to 876 Oswald OSVVALD ESTANGLE CYNING
OSVVALD REX ANGLIÆ ORIENTALIS
Died 876
876 to 879 Æthelred II ÆÞELRED ESTANGLE CYNING
ÆÞELRED REX ANGLIÆ ORIENTALIS
Replaced by Alfred the Great of Wessex in 879
879 to 890 Guthrum the Old AÞELSTAN ESTANGLE CYNING
AÞELSTAN REX ANGLIÆ ORIENTALIS
Norse ruler Guthrum the Old, took name Æthelstan at baptism
890 to 902 Eohric
(Eohric)
ERIC ESTANGLE CYNING
ERIC REX ANGLIÆ ORIENTALIS
Killed in battle December 902
902? Æthelwold of Wessex AÞELWALD ESTANGLE CYNING
AÞELWALD REX ANGLIÆ ORIENTALIS
Killed in battle December 902?
902 to 916 Guthrum II GUTHRUM ESTANGLE CYNING
GUTHRUM REX ANGLIÆ ORIENTALIS
Killed in battle 916

After 917, East Anglia was under the rule of Wessex, with subsequent rulers downgraded to the status of Earl of East Anglia.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Keynes, Simon, "Kings of the East Angles" in M. Lapidge, et al., (eds), The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999. ISBN 0-631-22492-0
  • Ashley, Mike, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens New York: Carroll & Graff, 1998. ISBN 0-7967-0692-9

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